How to Transition from Manual to Automation Testing

From designing a method to choosing the right options, listed here are the 5 steps that will help you transition from handbook to automation testing efficiently:

Automated checks can decrease regression bugs and overcome plenty of handbook testing challenges, enabling groups to ship extra certified functions. That’s why many groups are making the leap from handbooks to automated testing.

The transition, nevertheless, is just not a straightforward job that may simply occur in a single day.

From designing a method, buying the required information and skillsets, to choosing the right testing instruments, this weblog explains what your crew wants to arrange for a profitable transition from handbook testing to check automation.

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Handbook To Automation Testing

Handbook Testing vs Automated Testing – The Fundamental Distinction

Probably the most fundamental difference between manual and automated testing lies in who or what handles the check execution.

For manual testing, it’s all human work. Testers manually perform all of the check steps by themselves to search out bugs earlier than the application is launched.

In the meantime, for automated testing, testers write scripts to automate check steps by way of automation instruments. Check automation permits testers to retailer check scripts as property for reuse, which saves plenty of effort and time for repetitive executions.

Why Ought to We Change From Handbook To Automation Testing

Check automation can overcome loads of handbook testing challenges, particularly in Agile initiatives.

#1) Check Reusability

Automated check circumstances and check suites might be reused a number of occasions in several check cycles and check environments. So, each time a software modification, you’ll be able to run automated regression test suites to verify regression bugs, avoiding doing regression checks manually repeatedly. This is, without doubt, one of the most necessary benefits of automation to scale back the dangers of operational failures.

#2) Greater Check Protection

Since checks are executed mechanically, you will have extra time to deal with new situations and write extra automated check circumstances to confirm and validate the Utility Underneath Check (AUT). You and your groups are freed to do extra exploratory testing to make sure the product is high quality.

Automated checks may also be executed concurrently or in parallel on totally different platforms and units. Extra executed checks imply extra regression bugs are prone to be discovered and extra enterprise necessities are confirmed.

#3) Earlier Suggestions and Bug Detection

Bugs escaping into manufacturing are extra pricey to repair when it comes to time, cash, and energy. That’s why groups are shifting left, recognizing bugs earlier to attenuate the fee.

If completed properly, automated testing can begin as quickly as the event section begins. Builders can carry out unit checks on their native machines earlier than committing codes to the model management system.

Unit checks may also be built-in into the CI pipeline. As soon as code is dedicated, the pipeline is triggered to run automated unit checks, then integration and/or system checks. On this method, builders can obtain early suggestions, detect and repair bugs faster, stopping them from sneaking into later phases.

#4) Going Past Handbook Testing

Check automation can do what handbook testing may hardly obtain, particularly for particular checks that require plenty of effort and assets like efficiency testing. It might simulate 1000’s simultaneous requests to the AUT’s server-side, from totally different platforms and units, which is almost unattainable to do manually.

Automation tools work quicker than people, when it comes to parallel execution, with greater accuracy. Machines don’t get bored or exhausted like people, therefore, they will keep away from human-like errors. Consequently, the check outcomes are dependable and quick to obtain.

NOTE: One factor you need to soak up thoughts on is that check automation works in the long term. The preliminary price is moderately vital, and it takes time to arrange, put every part in place, deliver seen outcomes, and decrease the cost-benefit ratio.

So, take into account your crew’s scenario fastidiously. It’s not all the time a smart transfer to transition from handbook to automated testing. Check automation is probably not value investing in in case your crew:

  • Takes short-term initiatives.
  • Develops easy functions which might be completed inside 4 – 6 months.
  • Doesn’t run checks regularly.
  • Check many advanced situations which are simpler to execute manually.

Transition From Handbook to Automation Testing With Confidence

Step 1. Design Check Automation Technique

Many groups often battle as a result of they don’t have a goal-oriented check automation technique. It retains all of the crew members on the identical web page. It informs and communicates the pre-defined objectives and plans, from which everybody can be taught what they do is true or unsuitable and modify the following actions.

And not using a clear-vision technique, groups simply change instructions, select the unsuitable options, and fail to make use of check automation in a method that contributes to the enterprise’s worth.

Right here’s a great way to have a look at it: Check automation is like constructing and having your individual software program check different functions. It must be managed with a transparent imaginative and prescient and plans in the identical method as software program improvement.

Step 2. Enrich Check Automation Basis

It’s important to grasp all of the fundamentals of check automation, from Agile and DevOps methodologies, framework constructing, automation pyramid, structure, automating strategies, to reporting and metrics. And not using a good basis, groups can hardly execute their methods.

Furthermore, you also need to examine specific automation options or testing instruments, what abilities they require, what issues they remedy, and the way they do it in the application. And hold your studying course of continuous.

Many groups simply cease updating their information base after some time. Because the business is evolving quickly with new applied sciences, new traits, and new options, stopping studying and coaching can solely imply falling behind your rivals.

Amongst numerous online assets, testing programs are one thing you need to put money into. They reveal how automation options work in the application, which is instructed by skilled professionals.

Some dependable and well-liked sources embrace:

  • Katalon Academy: A free platform to be taught test automation foundation, job-ready abilities, and methods to implement Katalon merchandise into actual initiatives
  • Udemy: A preferred academic market the place you’ll be able to be taught a variety of subjects, fundamental to superior, guided by business consultants
  • Coursera: A studying platform so that you can be taught to check information and get hands-on expertise by means of guided initiatives

Step 3. Superior Programming Expertise

Many check automation options require programming abilities to construct up a framework and write automated check scripts. To beat these roadblocks, many groups purpose for ready-made testing instruments which are outfitted with low-code options.

Nonetheless, without programming abilities, testers can solely use built-in key phrases, report, and playback options, or handbook mode with intuitive UI to create automated checks. However, issues are not going to keep easy without end.

In the long term, to put in writing extra advanced check circumstances, modify scripts, construct customized key phrases, keep checks, or debug a failed check, there must be a minimum of an automation tester in your crew who’s conversant in coding and programming or a developer to help.

So, in case your crew needs to modify from handbook to automated testing, take into account hiring testers with a programming background or getting the crew members to be taught and advance their coding abilities.

Step 4. Consider and Select The Finest Match Testing Instrument

Instrument choice might be very tough since there are millions of out there choices available on the market. Many groups select their device solely based mostly on others’ success. However, one device working nicely for others doesn’t essentially imply it does the identical on your crew.

Contemplate your crew’s particular wants and assets. That mentioned, listed here are some questions to judge and select the perfect match answer:

  • What are you attempting to resolve? Decide the AUT that you simply wish to apply automated testing (internet, desktop, or cell functions) and the functionalities that you simply want (for check creation, execution, report, and so forth.)
  • Who’s going to make use of the device? If they’re handbook testers, a low code answer could be extra acceptable.
  • Can it match into your crew’s current pipeline and toolchain? Search for automation instruments with native integrations to scale back the time for workarounds.
  • Is it future-proofing? To keep away from shifting from one to a different device, take into account your crew’s scalability and select the device that may meet future calls for.
  • What’s your finances? Open sources are free however takes time to arrange and develop the check automation device, whereas business instruments are quick to begin and straightforward to make use of.
  • The place are you able to get help? Good buyer help or an energetic neighborhood can actually assist and save your time when coping with technical points.

Ideas: From a handbook place to begin, it’d be higher to go for a ready-made device that has each low-code and scripting choice like Katalon Studio. It would prevent loads of time for constructing a framework and options, which is probably the most hectic part of beginning check automation.

With low-code options like Report and Playback, handbook testers can shortly begin automating check circumstances and capturing check objects. Afterward, when having extra coding expertise, they will transfer on to writing check scripts, constructing extra customized key phrases, and using extra superior options.

And after deciding on a device, bear in mind to do a proof of idea. Run a fast dash on the device and get all of the crew members to contain it. Then, at the finish of the dash, collect all suggestions and consider if the device can meet all the usual calls for of your crew.

Step 5. Begin Small and Scale With Confidence

Don’t get delayed in your transition by going too bold or complicating issues. You don’t have to have a method doc that has 50 pages with too many objectives, plans, and data.

Begin with particular small objectives with small initiatives, like reaching a sure automated check case inside a timeframe. Preserve your errors small, be taught from them, and step by step broaden the dimensions of your crew’s check automation.


Transferring from handbook to check automation could be a troublesome long-term course. No cautious planning, lack of required ability units, and unfit options are among the commonest root causes making groups battle.

That’s why we wrote this weblog – to provide the guiding steps, a basis to keep away from the identical errors and transition efficiently on your crew. Have your technique prepared, contain all members within the check automation studying the course, do a proof-of-concept in your instruments, begin with small initiatives, consider the outcomes and modify your plan if wanted.

Nelson James
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